If you own a
traditional Persian rug, you may not have thought about what the designs on the rug mean. No two
Persian rugs are identical, because each one incorporates different design
elements, patterns, and symbols. Persian rug experts and appraisers can
often tell where, when, and by which tribe a Persian rug was created,
simply by examining the rug’s designs. Keep reading to learn about
the three most common types of Persian rug designs.
Almost every traditional
Persian rug incorporates geometric design elements. Geometric design elements include
vertical, diagonal, and horizontal lines that form geometric shapes and
patterns. The nomadic tribes that weave Persian rugs use these geometric
designs to create traditional and cultural symbols. These symbols are
sacred, and represent key elements of the tribe’s customs, culture,
and traditions. Because these rugs are woven by hand, the geometric designs
will not necessarily be symmetrical.
Floral or Curvilinear Designs
Many of the designs and patterns used in traditional Persian rugs are representative
of a relationship with and respect for nature. Almost any Persian rug
will have designs that include flowers, plants, and animals. The most
common element of any Persian rug design is a large central medallion.
No two medallions are completely identical. The medallion’s design
is curvilinear in nature, and often has a central diamond shape.
It’s rare to see pictorial designs in traditional Persian rugs. It
is difficult for a rug weaver to weave a Persian rug with a pictorial
design, as they require much more accuracy and detail. Pictorial designs
were first used by artists and poets in Iran, who wanted to tell stories
via Persian rugs rather than using pen and paper.
If you own a traditional Persian rug and are looking for appraisal services
in the Bay Area, visit us at East Bay Oriental Rug Cleaning. Our Persian
and Oriental rug experts provide professional rug cleaning, rug repair, and
rug care tips in Walnut Creek, Lafayette, Alamo, Orinda, and Concord. For more information, visit our
website, or call us today at (925) 933-8874.